Urban planning community

+ Reply to thread
Results 1 to 9 of 9

Thread: Rural protection ordinances

  1. #1
    Cyburbian Michele Zone's avatar
    Registered
    Jul 2003
    Location
    San Diego, CA
    Posts
    7,061

    Rural protection ordinances

    Quote Originally posted by Quijote
    Something we need help with, for starters, is to get a look at other communities' versions of rural protection ordinances. We are in a planning process for our local small community (rural, but with significant urban intrusions and threats, and surrounded on three sides by urban development). We want an ordinance that protects particular rural qualities such as: the ability to keep livestock; the ability to practice agriculture and animal husbandry, even on relatively small pieces of land (less than an acre); protection of appropriate home occupation businesses without industrialization; we also need help figuring out appropriate set-backs to preserve the peace between home-owners and rural occupations (for example, composting business and horse stables vs. residents of high-density urban intrusion developments).
    I thought this would get more attention as a separate thread. I am starting the thread on behalf of Quijote, who signed a recent e-mail to me with "un-techno-wizard". (She will eventually get the hang of it. )

  2. #2
    Cyburbian
    Registered
    Aug 2001
    Location
    Western Pennsylvania
    Posts
    3,138
    Pennsylvania has Agricultural Security Areas that protect farm operators from nuisance ordinances. I think that the acreage requirement is low if the smaller parcel adjoins a larger one in ASA. Landowners join and it covers leased operations as well.

    So, if someone form the city moves to a nice lot in the country, they could complain about the odor from livestock, but the the municipality couldn't require the farmer to change anything to improve the condition.

    Maybe your state offers a similar program; check with your state department of ag. You can also read about it on PA Department of Agriculture.

    I'm not sure if ASA addresses setbacks.

  3. #3
    Cyburbian Plus
    Registered
    Jun 2003
    Location
    De Noc
    Posts
    17,744
    Have you looked at
    American Farm Land Trust: http://www.farmland.org/
    Farmland Information Center - local laws
    http://www.farmlandinfo.org/farmland...o.x=36&go.y=10

    Scenic America: http://www.scenic.org/sitemap.htm

    Keeping the Rural Vision
    Protecting Rural Character and Planning for Rural Development
    from the Municipal Research & Service Center (MRSC) of Washington
    http://www.mrsc.org/subjects/plannin...rural.aspx?r=1
    Oddball
    Why don't you knock it off with them negative waves?
    Why don't you dig how beautiful it is out here?
    Why don't you say something righteous and hopeful for a change?
    From Kelly's Heroes (1970)


    Are you sure you're not hurt ?
    No. Just some parts wake up faster than others.
    Broke parts take a little longer, though.
    From Electric Horseman (1979)

  4. #4
    Cyburbian
    Registered
    Feb 2002
    Location
    Townville
    Posts
    1,047
    Not to be the complete cynic but I would also double check to make sure the landowners of agri/farm land actually want to be protected, assuming the farming is viable today.

  5. #5
    Cyburbian SGB's avatar
    Registered
    Nov 2002
    Location
    Champlain-Adirondack Biosphere Reserve
    Posts
    3,387
    Check your state's enabling statutes and your local Farm Bureau about enacting a local "Right to Farm" law.
    All these years the people said he’s actin’ like a kid.
    He did not know he could not fly, so he did.
    - - Guy Clark, "The Cape"

  6. #6
    Cyburbian Emeritus Chet's avatar
    Registered
    Aug 2001
    Location
    South Milwaukee
    Posts
    8,935
    Quote Originally posted by gkmo62u
    Not to be the complete cynic but I would also double check to make sure the landowners of agri/farm land actually want to be protected, assuming the farming is viable today.
    Actually, I don't think that is cynical at all. It's a valid part of the public participation process. Sometimes a vocal minority can take a planning process in the wrong direction, so its always good to benchmark the stakeholders level of interest.


















    Wow. That just sounded dorky...

  7. #7
    Cyburbian Plus
    Registered
    Jun 2003
    Location
    De Noc
    Posts
    17,744
    I agree with gkmo62u and Chet.
    and Chet - that was not dorky.
    Oddball
    Why don't you knock it off with them negative waves?
    Why don't you dig how beautiful it is out here?
    Why don't you say something righteous and hopeful for a change?
    From Kelly's Heroes (1970)


    Are you sure you're not hurt ?
    No. Just some parts wake up faster than others.
    Broke parts take a little longer, though.
    From Electric Horseman (1979)

  8. #8

    Registered
    May 1997
    Location
    Williston, VT
    Posts
    1,371
    The American Farmland Trust website that has already been cited is probably your best single source. State right-to-farm laws ordinarily have limited applicability and need to be reinforced by local code provisions. Exacty what you need to adopt will depend on the type of agriculture there

    Liberal home occupation provisions are not hard to draft. The key is to use good noise, vibration, odor, dust, hazmat, outdoor illumination, buffering, and similar performance standards to protect neighbors. The same is true for livestock: trying to regulate numbers of stock and other changeable factors is difficult. You need to use performance standards that can be enforced when there is a problem (which is always with the people, not the animals).

  9. #9
    Member
    Registered
    Jun 2004
    Location
    Santa Fe
    Posts
    15
    Quote Originally posted by Michele Zone
    I thought this would get more attention as a separate thread. I am starting the thread on behalf of Quijote, who signed a recent e-mail to me with "un-techno-wizard". (She will eventually get the hang of it. )
    Thanks, MZ; I think I just sent a completely blank message in trying to respond. Anyway, I wanted to thank you and everybody on this thread for responding-- I will follow up with the suggested sites.

    With regard to checking with people about whether they want to be protected or not, point taken-- in our case, fortunately, we've been going through a lengthy public input process and have tried hard to get some of the biggest (absentee, community-hostile) landowners to participate-- we know that our efforts won't be successful unless we are as inclusive as possible.

    Another complicating factor for us, with regard to agriculture: our village farmland used to be irrigated. Several decades ago, the urban center hoarded the water behind a dam in the mountains, severely impairing this community's ability to continue using its land as before. This is one reason why urban planners see our relatively flat farmland's "best and highest use" as for relatively high-density ticky-tacky housing, whose main beneficiaries would not be the potential residents so much as the developers. We've already had a number of these things, and the usual story is that the buidlings are defective, the homeowners' associations can't afford to keep up the amenities (they aren't inside city limits, where such amenities would be provided publicly) and the costs to the residents are nothing like "affordable," notwithstanding the developers' insistance on the mantra "affordable" when they appear before elected officials begging for variances and other special favors. The losers are the residents and the existing neighborhood.

    So anyway, we still have open land that can't be "farmed" in the traditional sense, but many of the residents, who have lived here for many, many generations, still maintain animals and a "rural outlook" about their living place. They want to keep their sense of space. There is even a chance that we'll get compensation for our lost water-- the rights are not all extinguished and a sympathetic state legislator is going to bat with the state engineer on our behalf, so there could be some future small scale agricultural uses restored, but we are now in the sixth year of a drought in an already dry place, so whatever happens agriculturally will necessarily be water-wise. I think we could do some stuff like small greenhouse operations producing specialty organic produce for Santa Fe's restaurants, for example. Our next door neighbor stables a couple of dozen horses and teaches riding-- this kind of use could expand, if linked to other tourism-related efforts. (Our village is surrounded on three sides by the city of Santa Fe, New Mexico, so tourism and art are big parts of our local economy). My husband and I are artists, so we benefit from the village's home-occupation zoning and its generally "live and let live" environment. It doesn't bother me a bit that just beyond the stables and the recently closed school of Oriental Medicine is a junk yard, for example, because this operation doesn't make noise or cause other nuisances.

    Sorry for length, here, signing off, Quijote

+ Reply to thread

More at Cyburbia

  1. Replies: 5
    Last post: 27 Apr 2012, 10:26 AM
  2. Rural resource protection ideas
    Rural and Small Town Planning
    Replies: 2
    Last post: 06 Oct 2010, 10:16 AM
  3. Viewshed protection
    Design, Space, and Place
    Replies: 10
    Last post: 02 Jun 2008, 3:57 AM
  4. Viewshed protection
    Land Use and Zoning
    Replies: 2
    Last post: 25 Apr 2007, 12:55 PM
  5. Landscaping Tree protection
    Land Use and Zoning
    Replies: 1
    Last post: 25 Mar 1997, 2:28 PM