The decision will likely decrease the amount of compensation awarded to homeowners for use of their land for beach replenishment projects in the future, to the relief of shore municipalities considering the use of eminent domain against homeowners who are reluctant to allow dune construction on their property.

At the center of the case was whether the protection offered by a 22-foot dune, built by the Army Corps of Engineers along much of Long Beach Island, should be taken into consideration when determining the amount of compensation paid to the Karans for the use of their land. The dune occupies approximately a third of their property and blocks some of their views of the water.

The court held that the protective value of the dune should be considered.