Melbourne 2030 – planning for sustainable growth is a 30-year plan to manage growth and change across metropolitan Melbourne and the surrounding region. It emphasises the city’s interdependence with regional Victoria, to provide maximum benefit to the whole State.
In the next 30 years, Melbourne will grow by up to one million people and will consolidate its reputation as one of the most liveable, attractive and prosperous areas in the world for residents, business and visitors.
In establishing and articulating this vision through a set of Principles and nine Key Directions, Melbourne 2030 provides a framework for governments at all levels to respond to the diverse needs of those who live and work in and near to Melbourne, and those who visit.
Melbourne 2030 is a plan for the growth and development of the metropolitan area. An important objective is to ensure that Melbourne retains the qualities that people enjoy about it. Despite a slowdown in population growth, Melbourne will grow substantially over the next 30 years. It is appropriate to plan for the capacity to comfortably absorb up to 620,000 extra households over that time while protecting and enhancing our existing suburbs.
The main thrust is to continue to protect the liveability of the established areas and to increasingly concentrate major change in strategic redevelopment sites such as activity centres and underdeveloped land. While a good supply of land for development will be maintained in growth areas, over time there will be a shift away from growth on the fringe of the city.
This will help prevent urban expansion into surrounding rural land. The trend towards fewer people in each household will continue to support demand for well-located apartment lifestyles around activity centres. This will be supported by an expanded and more attractive public transport system.
Melbourne 2030 focuses primarily on the metropolitan Melbourne urban area and the nearby non-urban areas. However, it also deals more broadly with the wider region where, increasingly, development is linked to and affected by metropolitan Melbourne in terms of commuting, business and recreation. Hence, Melbourne 2030 also considers the area between metropolitan Melbourne and the regional centres of Geelong, Ballarat, Bendigo, and the Latrobe Valley.
Economic, social and environmental matters are integral to Melbourne 2030, but it is not an economic development plan, a community development strategy or a comprehensive environmental management plan. Rather, it gives a high-level overview of the directions metropolitan Melbourne is expected to take. Its clear focus is the management of future growth, land use and infrastructure investment. It will provide a vital context for other sectoral plans in areas like transport and housing.
There is an enormous amount of information which has just been released today!
The only areas, from now on, mooted for Fringe development:
What are the aims of this plan?
Through Melbourne 2030 and the preparation of Growth Area Plans, we will address these broad aims:
direct development to growth areas that can be provided with public transport and other local and regional infrastructure in coordination with the preferred sequence of land release and development
reduce the overall proportion of new dwellings in greenfield sites from the current figure of 38 per cent to 22 per cent by 2030
maintain 15 years supply of broad hectare land zoned for residential purposes in growth areas, to limit upward pressure on prices
establish a five-year cycle for development sequencing in growth areas, up to a threshold of 15 years
achieve a gradual but significant increase in housing densities in growth areas, from the current average of 10 dwellings per hectare to around 15 dwellings per hectare, with the highest densities located in or close to activity centres and the Principal Public Transport Network (PPTN)
increase the choice of housing types provided, to meet the needs of all groups in the community
create a network of mixed-use activity centres focused on the PPTN
direct a substantial proportion of new development to activity centres that have good access to the PPTN
increase the availability of sustainable forms of travel, with more use of public transport and more opportunities for walking and cycling
develop an urban form based on the Neighbourhood Principles (see Appendix 3)
structure urban areas to provide interconnected neighbourhoods that are clustered to support Principal or Major Activity Centres
introduce community safety design principles in order to reduce opportunities for crime, improve perceptions of safety and increase levels of community involvement
provide opportunities for growth in local employment
inside the UGB, restrict rural residential development that would compromise future development at higher densities
protect and manage natural resources and areas of heritage, cultural and environmental significance, and achieve significant savings in energy and water consumption.
Appendix 1 outlines the accompanying policies and principles to be considered.
Locations for new development
More development – housing and employment – will be accommodated in selected parts of established areas to encourage more effective use of infrastructure for human services, public transport and water, power and communications. This will also reduce pressure for inappropriate developments in established areas with valued urban character and streetscapes.
Existing activity centres (with their substantial local community and business investment) will be the focus of much new development.
Melbourne 2030 will reinforce and expand the existing network of Principal, Major and Neighbourhood Activity Centres. Public transport links between centres will be improved to provide a range of choices for shopping and other services.
Most Principal, Major and Neighbourhood Activity Centres will be mixed-use, including retail, commercial, entertainment, education, health and community services. Principal and Major Activity Centres will demonstrate a range of housing forms and densities and high-quality urban design.
The focus on Principal Activity Centres builds on the preferred trend in the development and retail sectors in recent years. The Government has already announced five of these centres, (Dandenong, Frankston, Ringwood, Sydenham and Footscray) as the locations for major redevelopments under the Transit Cities program and has allocated $10 million over the next four years to facilitate development.
New opportunities to undertake Transit City-style projects will be examined, starting with Box Hill, Epping, Broadmeadows and Werribee.
The Government will also work with each of the local councils responsible for Principal Activity Centres to develop strategic plans for each of these centres and identify potential improvements to public transport and areas for redevelopment. Priority will be given to Sunshine, Knox City/Towerpoint, Cranbourne, Doncaster, Narre Warren/Fountaingate and Coburg.
The possible upgrading of transport services to big stand-alone centres such as Chadstone, Southland, Doncaster, Highpoint and Airport West will receive particular attention. Solutions may include better bus interchanges, new stations or extending tram services. The current project to extend the Burwood tram to Knox City is an example of what can be done as funds become available.
Major Activity Centres are also potential sites for significant developments and infill building programs. VicTrack is working on a city wide program of identifying opportunities for redevelopment of stations, use of airspace over rail tracks and more productive use of associated railway land.
Focusing a substantial proportion of this development at activity centres that have good access to the Principal Public Transport Network (see Direction 8, Better transport links) will help to reduce car trips and decrease the share of trips that need to be made by car. It will make the most of access to existing facilities and services, ensure that centres remain viable and vibrant, and reduce development pressures on other existing urban areas.
Good urban design in these locations will encourage sustainability, a sense of place and cultural identity. Excellence in urban design (see Direction 5, A great place to be) will be integral to implementing Melbourne 2030.
again, there is a hell of a lot of information to pile through, but anyhow - at long last ?