I am an urban planner in the US and am curious about how the town planning process operates in the UK.
The typical US model:
- Comprehensive plan representing the desires and wants/needs of the local populace (usually done at an independent municipality level)
- Areas delineated as "Residential", "Commercial", "Industrial", etc on the comprehensive plan.
- Zones created where each type of area is allowed to locate
- Generally, grades of each area type (ie R-1, R-2, C-3, C-2a, I-1, I-4, etc.)
- Bulk and dimensional standards (lot coverage, building setbacks, building height, etc) established for each grade of area type.
- Construction could occur under the rules of the individual "zones" by "as-of-right" - submit a plan to the municipality and staff can allow construction provide compliance with "zone" requirements or "mandatory commission/board review" - submit a plan to the municipality, staff reviews for compliance with "zone" requirements, then sends it to an elected or appointed commission/board for approval.
How does planning in the UK differ or not differ?
Also, I tried looking at the Royal Town Planning Institute website, but that didn't really get into the nitty-gritty.