Friedman and Forester say that planners should interact and negotiate with developers and facilitate development. To do this planners have to compromise or use their discretionary power. Reade 1987 suspects on the negotiation between the developer and planner "behind the scene". He doubts that rather than following the town norms and codes, Reade asks what they really do in private.
The real question here is how to measure ethics (hidden interest) of planners in a negotiated deal with the developer? If not then how we can ensure that public interest is protected by the planner?
(Gedunker) Moved from Introduce Yourself subforum.