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Thread: Light industrial parks: examples of design standards

  1. #1
    Cyburbian lilschmidty's avatar
    Jan 2006

    Light industrial parks: examples of design standards

    The city I work for is thinking about creating a light industrial park. I'm looking for examples of any design standards you have found to be successful in creating these parks. Through my research I've come across Eco-Industrial Parks (EIP). Do any of you have any examples of such parks in the U.S and the regulations for the park?

    Thank you.

  2. #2
    Cyburbia Administrator Dan's avatar
    Mar 1996
    Upstate New York
    Blog entries
    After years of nothing but basic preengineered metal buildings, the following are the proposed industrial architectural design standards for the community where I work.


    10.406.6 Industrial building design

    10.406.6.1 Intent
    The public does not often visit industrial sites. However, industrial areas are often quite visible to the city’s residents and visitors. Quality architectural design helps offset the perceived impact of industrial uses, and creates a professional environment that reflects positively on ***** and its businesses.

    10.406.6.2 Character and image
    In industrial parks, each building must include predominant characteristics shared by all buildings in the development, so the development forms a cohesive place.

    Distinct groups of buildings on a site must share a common, identifiable, complementary design or style. This includes accessory structures such as freestanding canopies, accessory and maintenance buildings, and dumpster enclosures.

    10.406.6.3 Form and mass
    A single, large, dominant building mass should be avoided in new buildings and, to a reasonable feasible extent, in projects involving changes to the mass of existing buildings. Changes in mass must be related to entrances, the integral structure and/or the organization of interior spaces and activities and not merely for cosmetic effect.

    10.406.6.4 Exterior walls and façades

    10.406.6.4.1 Pattern
    Façades and walls must include a repeating pattern with an expression of architectural or structural bays through a change in plane, such as an offset, reveal, pilaster, projecting ribs, fenestration patterns, or piers; and one or more of the following elements:
    • color change
    • texture change
    • material module change

    All elements must repeat at intervals of ≤30’.

    10.406.6.4.2 Four sided design
    All façades and walls must include materials and design characteristics consistent with those on the front façade. Inferior or lesser quality materials for side or rear walls are prohibited.

    10.406.6.4.3 Garage doors
    Bay doors must be screened using wing walls, carefully placed berms on the site, or other effective screening and site planning techniques, or otherwise sited so visibility from the public right-of-way is minimized. Bay doors must be integrated into the overall design theme of the site with color, texture, and windows. Segmented garage bay doors with windows are preferred to roll-up garage doors.

    10.406.6.4.4 Primary building entrances
    Primary building entrances must be clearly defined and recessed or framed by a sheltering element such as an awning, arcade or portico to provide shelter from the sun and inclement weather.

    10.406.6.5 Building roofs

    10.406.6.5.1 Green roofs
    Green roofs and solar panels are strongly encouraged.

    10.406.6.6 Materials and color

    10.406.6.6.1 Building materials
    • Durable, high quality building materials must be used. Brick, stone, split-face CMU, EIFS, detailed tilt-up concrete panels, and building-integrated photovoltaics (BIPV) are examples of appropriate building materials.
    • T-1-11 and other plywood-based siding materials are prohibited.
    • Prefabricated and preengineered metal buildings and panels are prohibited.

    10.406.6.6.2 Building colors
    Building colors must be low-reflecting, subtle and neutral or earth-toned. Roof colors must be muted and compatible with the dominant building color. High-intensity colors, metallic colors, black, or fluorescent colors are prohibited. Brighter colors may be used on building trim and accents.

    10.406.6.6.3 Material or color changes
    Material or color changes must occur only at a change of plane or reveal line. Material or color changes at the outside corners of structures that give the impression of thinness and artificiality are prohibited. Piecemeal embellishment and frequent material changes are prohibited.

    10.406.6.7 Mechanical equipment screening
    • Rooftop mechanical equipment must be hidden or screened with architecturally integral elements at least as high as the equipment to be screened. Makeshift equipment screens, such as wooden or plastic fences, are prohibited.
    • Ground mounted mechanical equipment must be hidden or screened with architecturally integral wing walls and/or landscaping.
    • Solar panels are exempt from mechanical equipment screening standards.

    10.406.6.8 Utility equipment screening
    Electrical meters, switch boxes, panels, conduit, and related utility equipment must be placed in the most inconspicuous location possible. Utility equipment must be painted or coated to match the color of the mounting surface. Utility equipment located in an area that may be frequently seen by the general public must be screened with a wing wall architecturally integrated into the host structure.
    Growth for growth's sake is the ideology of the cancer cell. -- Edward Abbey

  3. #3
    Cyburbian Cardinal's avatar
    Aug 2001
    The Cheese State
    I have had experience writning design guidelines and CCRs for industrial parks. The worst ones are where I am stuck updating somebody else's work. Some considerations:

    - consider bay size / column spacing. In Dan's example, the 30' requirement may be troubling for some. Most likely, developers will want to provide a shift, vertical band, etc. where there is a division between bays. What is typical for the size of building you expect to see constructed in your park? I would think 40' is a better approximation.

    - manufacturing and distribution prefer two sets of doors. One is on the inbound side and another on the outbound. Consider the impact on corner lots. I have had to correct numerous CCRs that have a "no doors may face a street" type of clause.

    - if you have rail service, remember to treat issues like setbacks differently on rail sites.

    For a good overview and definitions of terms: http://www.naiop.org/foundation/offi...trialterms.pdf
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