■The manager administers; the leader innovates.
■The manager is a copy; the leader is an original.
■The manager maintains; the leader develops.
■The manager focuses on systems and structure; the leader focuses on people.
■The manager relies on control; the leader inspires trust.
■The manager has a short-range view; the leader has a long-range perspective.
■The manager asks how and when; the leader asks what and why.
■The manager has his eye always on the bottom line; the leader has his eye on the horizon.
■The manager imitates; the leader originates.
■The manager accepts the status quo; the leader challenges it.
■The manager is the classic good soldier; the leader is his own person.
Mackay’s Moral: Good leaders develop more than good employees, they develop more good leaders.