Perhaps this thread will descend into hopeless partisan bickering, but it is my sincere hope that we may examine and approach this basic question from a philisophical standpoint (and not from a 'right or wrong' standpoint) and to whatever extent possible use the discussion to identify commonalities or differences in our perspectives.
The very generally stated issue in the thread's title can be approached from any number of angles so to get things started out I'll just throw out a couple of questions
What IS government (and is it really synonymous with any set of social rules/laws/codes/folkways/customs/conventions?)?
Can humans coexist without government on ANY scale (i.e. will enlightened Utopian anarchy ever exist for humanity?)?