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APA Dateline: August 5, 2002

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Dateline: August 5, 2002

-- Study Finds Merit in 'Broken Windows' Policing --
Researchers in California have affirmed the "broken windows" theory of policing, finding: "There is a significant link between targeting minor crime and a drop in serious crime,
even when community factors such as unemployment and the number of young people are considered." The study was done by the California Institute for County Government at
California State University, Sacramento. "Does 'Broken Windows' Law Enforcement Reduce Serious Crime?" examined all California counties from 1989 to 2000 and found "a
generalizealble statistical tie" between strongly enforcing minor crimes like graffiti and property damage and a drop in felony property crime. The study controlled for a number of
social and economic factors. Its authors say it is one of the few to look at the strategy on a large scale, rather than a neighborhood or community level.

Read the report: http://www.cicg.org/publications/CICG_Brief_Aug_2002.pdf

Read a summary of the study: http://www.csus.edu/news/080502window.htm


-- 2002 Census Shows Jump in 'White' Identification --
For the past several decades, conventional wisdom has held that the percentage of white Americans would grow smaller over time as immigration from Latin America, Asia, and
elsewhere changed the balance. But, according to a story from the Los Angeles Times, more people identified themselves as "white" in the 2000 census that in the 1990 count. In
1990, the "white" category was claimed by 50.7 percent; in 2000, by 67.9 percent. "Recent newcomers are expanding the meaning of 'white' much as Southern and Eastern
European immigrants did a century ago, when many Americans still viewed the word as signifying Anglo-Saxon heritage," says the story. "... A growing number, influenced heavily
by Latino culture, say they see race as fluid and whiteness as an unbounded territory they can enter and exit at will."

Read the Times article: http://www.latimes.com/news/local/la-me-white31jul31.story


-- GIS 'Just Another Enterprise Technology' --
In just the past three years the Geographic Information System (GIS) market has changed radically, says CIO Magazine, a publication for information executives. "A technology that
was once considered too specialized to fall within the domain of the IS department has become just another enterprise technology ..." Users no longer need to be specialists to
work with GIS, according to the article, "GIS Goes Worldwide." One expert predicts that GIS technology will be largely invisible within three years. Small companies are already
beginning to offer the ability to do complex spatial queries with enterprise data through a web interface. The article says those companies will host data and even combine it with
other third-party data resources.

Read the article: http://www.cio.com/archive/080102/et_article.html


Map Software Publisher Honors Users
The cartographic software company Avenza, Inc. has announced the winners of its 2002 MAPublisher Map Competition, which showcases the maps that can be produced with its
program MAPublisher. Winners range from a road atlas of Latvia to a multimedia map of the 1812 campaign of Napoleon to a thematic map on fostering transit-oriented
development in Boston. Details of each map, the associated images, and notable entries are available on the company's website. MAPublisher is a suite of plug-ins for Adobe
Illustrator and Macromedia FreeHand.

See the winners: http://www.avenza.com/MPcomp/2002

Avenza's homepage: http://www.avenza.com/main.html


Dateline is based on reports from Internet sources and public and private organizations. For more information, contact sources mentioned in the news item. If you have
suggestions or corrections for Dateline, contact Ralph Jassen at mailto:rjassen@planning.org or Cynthia Cheski at mailto:ccheski@planning.org.
 
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