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I work in a City that has no zoning so most restrictions are done by deed restriction. I've seen many of them where the homeowners association has a committee that has to give approval for now development in the subdivision. Of course many of these organizations cease to exist over time or stop following all of their duties.
If you are talking "approval" from adjoining property owners then I've never seen a document lake that would allow that. You would have way too much chance of neighbors voting down everything on a vacant lot because they like their nice back yard view.